High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure or high blood pressure is the most common and increasing problem among many people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the number of people living with high blood pressure has now reached a cumulative level of 1.28 billion.

However, the term hypertension needs to be properly understood.

You may notice a sudden or sudden increase in your blood pressure even when you are afraid of something. Or you may experience high blood pressure when you find yourself in a stressful situation. For more details, dr essa laboratory is very helpful in this case.

So should it also be classified as high blood pressure?

Well, we will try to answer these questions and we will try to educate you about all the possible associations of high blood pressure and its effects on heart health and your body.

What does high blood pressure (hypertension) mean?

High blood pressure means that your heart is putting some extra effort and stress to pump blood around your body. As we said this can happen when you find yourself in stressful situations.

So to put it in a nutshell, 2 to 3 consecutive high blood pressure readings can indicate that you are on the verge of developing chronic high blood pressure which can lead to life-threatening conditions if left untreated.

How to understand blood pressure?

To understand more clearly what high blood pressure means, it is important to have a basic understanding of blood pressure. The most common and frequently used method of checking blood pressure is the use of a blood pressure apparatus. One puts a cuff around the upper arm and then the machine records two values.

But what are those values? 

So the two values ​​from which your blood pressure is measured are called

Systolic value

Diastolic value

The upper value is called the systolic value and the normal value corresponds to 120 mmHg.

And the second lower value is called the diastole level which corresponds to 80 mmHg.

Simply put, these values ​​are a measure of your heart’s activity.

Now, you know the normal values ​​and the meaning of high blood pressure. Let’s go directly to the types of high blood pressure and analyze the stages of high blood pressure.

Stages of high blood pressure

As we have already discussed, a high reading on 1 check may not indicate that you have high blood pressure. There should be at least two to three occasions where your blood pressure is measured. If your numbers are high on these occasions, it may indicate high blood pressure.

Rank 1

In this case, the blood pressure varies from normal values ​​but is within a tolerable range.

  • The systolic pressure in this case is about 130 to 139.
  • The diastolic pressure in this case is about 80 to 89 mmHg.

Step 2

In the more extreme case, where you can consistently observe dangerously high levels.

  • Systolic pressure, in this case, would be around 140 mmHg or higher.
  • In this case, the diastolic pressure will be around 90 mmHg or higher.

If you find that you have stage 1 or stage 2 high blood pressure, it means you are on the cusp of developing some fatal heart conditions.

This is the time when you should make the necessary changes in your lifestyle to easily reduce high blood pressure and its effects on heart health.

Hypertensive crisis

This is an immediate medical emergency and can only be treated with the best possible treatment. With that being said, this means that if one observes such high blood pressure, one should go to the hospital quickly.

High blood pressure or causes of high blood pressure

There are many causes of high blood pressure. Many sources have also shown a link between genetics, family history, and high blood pressure.

This problem runs in families. This means that you may be more likely to develop high blood pressure if one of your parents or a close family member may have high blood pressure.

  • But the causes of high blood pressure are varied and may include the following.
  • To be heavy
  • Consume foods that are high in cholesterol.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Being rude or fast-paced in lifestyle
  • Other health problems
  • Several health problems can raise your blood pressure.

Diseases in your body affect the health of the heart, which makes a significant difference in blood pressure.

  • Kidney failure.
  • Diabetes
  • Adrenal or thyroid disorders
  • Pregnancy

But if you’re pregnant and have high blood pressure, you don’t need to worry, as we’ve got you covered. You can learn easy ways to prevent high BP during pregnancy.

Symptoms of high blood pressure

As high blood pressure is known as the silent killer it shows that there are no specific symptoms.

But basically, some people experience the following symptoms if the blood pressure is dangerously high.

  • Bleeding
  • Severe headache
  • Vision problems
  • Vomit

Get medical attention immediately if you notice any of the above symptoms or visit any online pharmacy in Pakistan.

High blood pressure and its effects on heart health

If your blood pressure is too high and not treated properly with medication and lifestyle changes, it can have serious side effects.

High blood pressure has adverse effects on heart health, leading to heart attacks and many other complications.

Heart attack

The main predictor of heart attack is high blood pressure. High blood pressure can reduce blood flow and oxygen levels and can adversely affect arteries and veins. This will in turn affect the heart leading to heart attacks.

Side: Update yourself with these 11 best cardio exercises to keep your heart healthy and strong.

Other major side effects of high blood pressure on your body may include:

  • Kidney failure
  • Liver disorders.
  • A stroke
  • Treatment of high blood pressure
  • Therefore, precautions should be taken in both diet and lifestyle.

Following are some precautions to avoid high blood pressure:

1) Eat healthy food

A healthy and balanced diet should be eaten that contains the right amount of fat and carbohydrates.

Sodium intake should be balanced and healthy fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet.

2) Lose weight

 It is a common belief that obese people are more prone to heart disease. We’ve got 8 of the best weight-loss diet plans to get you started on your journey

4) Reduce smoking and drinking

  • It is important to reduce or limit smoking. If you smoke, it can adversely affect your heart health.
  • Smoking will not only make you prone to high blood pressure, but it will also make you prone to frequent heart attacks.
  • The same goes for the consumption of alcohol and beverages. One should try to limit the number of drinks that can seriously affect your heart.

5) Make your life active

Lifestyle changes play an important role in your overall health and well-being. If you find yourself lying on the couch most of the day, it’s time to make some changes to your sedentary lifestyle.

  • Adding a walk in the morning or evening or any other fun outdoor activity to your daily routine will help keep your heart healthy and strong.
  • High blood pressure is often considered a silent killer, which means you may have high blood pressure and not even know it.
  • But if you find that you have high blood pressure or high blood pressure, consult a medical professional immediately.
  • Some ways can help lower blood pressure to an average level to reduce high blood pressure and its effects on heart health.


  • Medicines are often prescribed by a medical practitioner and should be used either for life or a few months depending on the case.
  • High blood pressure is a serious medical condition that requires immediate treatment. If left untreated, it can lead to life-threatening conditions as it affects almost every organ in your body.
  • The in-depth guide mentioned above will help you understand the meaning of high blood pressure and its effects on the overall body.
  • Treatment for high blood pressure is available but consult the best general physician to get the best possible solution and keep yourself healthy and fit

Related Articles

Back to top button